Use the upower command. UPower provides an interface to enumerate power sources on the system and control system-wide power management. Click here for more information.
At the command line run
upower -e to enumerate the the object paths of the available devices (including battery). Then run
upower -i <object_path> to get the info. For example (in my laptop):
$ upower -i /org/freedesktop/UPower/devices/battery_CMB1 native-path: CMB1 vendor: Fujitsu model: CP656340-01 serial: 02B-S170905000249S power supply: yes updated: Πεμ 04 Οκτ 2018 11:39:20 μμ EEST (52 seconds ago) has history: yes has statistics: yes battery present: yes rechargeable: yes state: fully-charged warning-level: none energy: 70,0312 Wh energy-empty: 0 Wh energy-full: 70,0312 Wh energy-full-design: 72 Wh energy-rate: 0 W voltage: 12,819 V percentage: 100% capacity: 97,2656% technology: lithium-ion icon-name: 'battery-full-charged-symbolic'